Banished Babies:The Secret History
of Ireland's Baby Export Business
Since this story broke in 1996, the Irish media have been chasing down details of the "export" --primarily to the U.S.--of 2,000-plus infants and toddlers born to unmarried Irish mothers between the late '40s and the mid-'70s. Reporter Milotte did a TV documentary on the subject; his book incorporates new archival material released by the Irish government and the Catholic Church, as well as three involving case studies of efforts by adoptees or the mothers who reluctantly gave them up to get back together.
At mid-century, both church and state in Ireland stressed shame, secrecy, and the religion of adoptive parents over all other considerations; only in the mid-'50s did Eire require confirmation that proposed parents could provide a healthy (as well as a Catholic) home for Irish kids, and several money-based schemes slipped through the Republic's lax rules. An enlightening international sidebar to studies of the consequences of open versus closed adoption.
According to Ireland´s Ryan Report aproximately 30,000 children were tortured and abused while in catholic religion run Industrial Schools. This report only investigated the abuses committed against children by priest and nuns of aproximately 10% of the religious institutions all over Ireland without including Mental Institutions and Magdalene Laundries. We present the names of some of these hellholes listed on the Residential Institutions Redress Act, 2002: